1930s

1930s Online Resources - History and Primary Documents

Thirties Overview

  • America in the 1930s - UVA site A study sponsored by the University of Virginia, this site is devoted to revealing the importance of the 1930s in American history. It looks at 30s life through various genres, including film, radio, literature, and journalism.
  • The1930s This site, maintained by Kingwood College, provides a large overview of the cultural history of 1930s America.
  • Primary Sources - Documents of the 1930s
  • Documenting the 1930s
  • The Depression
  • The Great Depression A site devoted to the history of the 20th century that contains a large list of people, events, and places important during the Depression, supplemented by photos, maps, and documentaries. Includes links to relevant online sources.
  • America's Great Depression Timeline A page of Ross Nordeen's Great Depression site that lists events having an impact on the American Great Depression
  • Herbert Hoover Museum Exhibit on the Great Depression Presented by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), this is the website of the Herbert Hoover museum in Iowa and provides a thorough record of the Hoover administration.
  • Great Depression of the 1930's History Guide SearchBeat's list of websites devoted to 1930's interests from the general to the specific. The site includes timelines, links to New York Times' headlines of the period, and several Great Depression "overview" websites.
  • Photos from 1935-45 Over 113,000 photographs of the 1930s, color and black and white, from the Library of Congress. This immense collection is organized by theme and geographic location.
  • Photos of the Great Depression
  • American Life Histories - Federal Writers' Project Another extremely useful site from the Library of Congress archives. This site contains thousands of personal accounts of life during the Depression collected by the Federal Writers’ Project. The essays are searchable by keyword or state/region.

Government & Politics

  • The New Deal Network The "New Deal Network" examines America's response to the Depression. Of interest are a document library, a record of African-American activity in the 1930s, and information from a 1930s student’s perspective.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
  • History of Social Security
  • President Herbert Hoover
  • The Scottsboro Trial Prof. Doug Linder's site at the University of Missouri's School of Law provides a detailed account of the trial as well as extensive primary sources documents.

Arts & Education

  • A New Deal for the Arts An online exhibit of the National Archives discussing federal government projects during the depression that provided employment for American artists.
  • Women's Education Archives - The Five Colleges Archives of five New England colleges documenting American higher education through 1950.

Crime

  • The Lindberg Trial A site sponsored by the Hunterdon County Democrat, a New Jersey newspaper, providing extensive details about the Lindberg case.
  • Al Capone

Miscellaneous

  • The Inflation Calculator
  • Prelinger Archive - A fascinating collection of over 45,000 digitized ephemeral films in education, advertising, and industry.
  • The Authentic History Center A collection of primary sources materials in popular culture of the decade, including images and audio.
  • American Social Hygiene Posters The University of Minnesota provides this searchable database of posters on health, family, and women's issues covering the mid-20th century.

Popular Culture Resources - 1930s

Advertising

  • Ad Access This site sponsored by Duke University contains over 7000 advertisements originally published from 1911 through 1955.
  • Medicine and Madison Avenue Duke University site examining the connection between advertising and medicine in advertising. Site includes a large database of health-related ads.

Architecture

  • University of Virginia Architecture of the 1930s

Expositions

  • Exposition of 1933 - Chicago History
  • Part of the Chicago Historical Society's site, this page describes Chicago's 1933 World's Fair and includes photos of the fair, detailed descriptions, and images of fair souvenirs and posters.
  • Chicago Exposition of 1933
  • The University of Minnesota's College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture publishes this site on the 1933 Chicago World's Fair. It offers a wide range of information including archives of photos and postcards and digital re-creations of buildings.
  • 1939 World's Fair This site, entitled "The Iconography of Hope" and a part of the University of Virginia's 1930s web sources, examines the 1939 World's Fair. It includes a detailed map of the Fair-site, a history of the Fair, and a virtual "tour" of the Fair's major features.

Fashion

  • History of 1930s Fashion
  • Bissonnette on Costume: A Visual Dictionary of Fashion Kent State University Museum site created by Anne Bissonnette providing a large database of images documenting the history of fashion.

Films

  • 1930s Film History and Academy Awards
  • The 1930s on Film Part of an extensive website on the 1930s developed by the Univeristy of Virginia, this site includes a cinema timeline and projects focused on major cinema figures of the decade.
  • Oscar Winners of the 1930s A list of winners for the 30s provided by Biography.com
  • Film History of the 1930s This comprehensive site by film critic and movie buff Tim Dirks provides extensive information about 30s cinema.

Media and Print

  • Media History Timeline of the 1930s This site, part of the Media History Project of the University of Minnesota, offers an overview of the important media events of the decade.
  • The 1930s in Print A useful collection of links to information about magazines of the decade including The New Yorker and Vanity Fair. Part of the University of Virginia's website on the 1930s.
  • Fortune Magazine in the 1930s
  • Comic Strips of the 1930s

Music

  • Duke Ellington A collaboration of the Music Educator's National Conference and the Smithsonian
  • Institution's National Museum of American History, this site describes the jazz great Duke Ellington and his influence on music.
  • Songs of the Depression This independent webpage contains history and background of songs of the Depression, including lyrics.
  • History of Jazz An extensive background history of the jazz movement, with biographies of important musicians and audio files of their work.

Radio

  • Radio in the 1930s A large collection of audio files containing material from popular radio programs of the 1930s, from the University of Virginia's site on the 1930s.

Sports

  • 1930s Baseball
  • Baseball Highlights 1860-1960
  • History of Black Baseball
  • N.Y. Yankees - A team-sponsored site providing history and timeline of important events inYankee baseball history

1930s Bibliography

  • Allen, Frederick Lewis. Since Yesterday: The 1930s in America. New York: Harper & Row, 1939.
  • Allen, Henry. What it Felt Like: Living in the American Century. New York: Pantheon Books, 2000.
  • Antonucci, Thomas and Michael, eds.The Terrible Thirties. Verplanck: Historical Briefs, 1997.
  • Arndt, H. W.The Economic Lessons of the Nineteen Thirties. Godstone: Gregg Revivals, 1993.
  • Barnard, Rita. The Great Depression and the Culture of Abundance. New York: Cambridge UP, 1995.
  • Battersby, Martin. The Decorative Thirties. New York: Walker, 1971.
  • Baxter, John. Hollywood in the Thirties. New York: A.S. Barnes, 1968.
  • Bayer, Patricia. Art Deco Architecture: Design, Decoration, and Detail from the Twenties and Thirties. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1992.
  • Bendavid-Val, Leah, ed. Propaganda and Dreams. New York: Abbeville, 1999.
  • Best, Gary. The Nickel and Dime Decade. Westport: Greenwood, 1993.
  • Brown, Robert J. Manipulating the Ether: The Power of Broadcast Radio in Thirties America. Jefferson: McFarland and Co, 1998.
  • Bush, Donald J. The Streamlined Decade. New York: George Braziller, 1975.
  • Chandler, Lester V. America’s Greatest Depression, 1929-1941.New York: Harper and Row, 1970.
  • Clurman, Harold. The Fervent Years: The Story of the Group Theatre and the Thirties. New York: Hill and Wang, 1957.
  • Conquest, Robert. The Great Terror: Stalin’s Purge of the Thirties. New York: Oxford UP, 1991.
  • Costantino, Maria. Fashions of a Decade: the 1930s. New York: Facts on File, 1992.
  • Cox, Geoffrey. Eyewitness. Dunedin: U of Otago P, 1999.
  • Deane, Patrick. History in Our Hands. Herndon: Books International, 1998.
  • Ensrud, Shirley M. Buckwheat Cakes and Cornmeal Mush: Growing up in the Thirties. Blue Earth: sme, 1998.
  • Faulkner, Howard J. and Virginia D. Pruitt, eds. Dear Dr. Menninger: Women’s Voices from the Thirties. Columbia: U of Missouri P, 1997.
  • Fleishhauer, Carl and Beverly W. Brannan, eds. Documenting America, 1935-1943. Berkeley: U of California P, 1988.
  • Fraser, Steve and Gary Gerstle, eds. The Rise and Fall of the New Deal Order, 1930-1980. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1989.
  • French, Warren G, ed. The Thirties: Fiction, Poetry, Drama. Deland: E. Edwards, 1967.
  • Galbraith, John Kenneth. The Great Crash, 1929. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1961.
  • Gerdes, Louise I., ed. The 1930s. San Diego: Greenhaven, 2000.
  • Goldston, Robert C. The Great Depression: the United States in the Thirties. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1968.
  • Kazin, Alfred. Starting out in the Thirties. Boston: Little, Brown, 1965.
  • Kirkendall, Richard S. The United States 1929-1945: Years of Crisis and Change. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974.
  • Knott, Robert B. American Abstract Art of the 1930s and 1940s. Harry N. Abrams, 1999.
  • Lynd, Robert S. and Helen Merrell Lynd. Middletown in Transition : A Study in Cultural Conflicts. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1937.
  • Louchheim, Katie, ed. The Making of the New Deal: The Insiders Speak.Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1983.
  • Madden, David, ed. Proletarian Writers of the Thirties. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1968.
  • Madden, David, ed. Tough Guy Writers of the Thirties. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1968.
  • Marvel, Terrence L. Thirties America: Prints from the Milwaukee Art Museum. Milwaukee: Milwaukee Art Museum, 1991.
  • Maxwell, D.E.S. Poets of the Thirties. London: Routledge and K. Paul, 1969.
  • McElvaine, Robert S. The Great Depression: America, 1929-1941. New York: Times, 1984.
  • McCaffrey, Donald W. The Golden Age of Sound Comedy: Comic Films and Comedians of the Thirties. South Brunswick: A.S. Barnes, 1973.
  • Michael, George. Handout. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1935.
  • Mullen, Bill and Sherry Lee Linkon, eds. Radical Revisions: Rereading 1930s Culture. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1996.
  • Opie, Robert. 1930s Scrapbook. White Mouse, 1997.
  • Patterson, James T., ed. Paths to the Present: Interpretive Essays on American History Since 1930. Minneapolis: Burgess, 1975.
  • Peacock, John. The 1930s [Fashion Sourcebook]. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1997.
  • Platt, Susan N. Art and Politics in the 1930s. New York: Midmarch Arts, 1999.
  • Poster, Jem. The Thirties Poets. Buckingham: Open UP, 1993.
  • Quinn, Patrick J. ed. Recharting the Thirties. Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP, 1996.
  • Rabkin, Gerald. Drama and Commitment: Politics in the American Theatre of the Thirties. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1964.
  • Shaw, Arnold. Let's Dance Popular Music in the 1930s. New York: Oxford UP, 1998.
  • Shen, Peijian. The Age of Appeasement. New York: Sutton, 2000.
  • Shulman, Robert. The Power of Political Art: The 1930s Literary Left Reconsidered. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 2000.
  • Simon, Rita James, ed. As We Saw the Thirties: Essays on Social and Political Movements of a Decade. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1967.
  • Terkel, Studs. Hard Times: An Oral History of the Great Depression. New York: Pantheon, 1970.
  • Warner Brothers Publications Staff, eds. The Thirties. Miami: Warner Brothers, 2000.
  • Watkins, T.H. The Great Depression: America in the Thirties. New York: Little, Brown, 1995.
  • Watkins, T.H. The Hungry Years. New York: Henry Holt, 1999.
  • Wechter, Dixon. The Age of the Great Depression, 1929-1941. New York: Macmillan, 1956.
  • Williams, Keith. Rewriting the Thirties. Harlow: Addison-Wesley Longman, 1997.
  • Willis, Deborah, and Jane Lusaka, eds. Visual Journal: Harlem and D.C. in the Thirties and Forties. Washington: Smithsonian Institution P, 1996
  • Wilson, Edmund.The American Earthquake: A Documentary of the Twenties and Thirties. Garden City: Doubleday, 1958. : full source reference

Literature of the 1930s - Selected Bibliography

HERVEY ALLEN
Anthony Adverse (1933)

MAXWELL ANDERSON
Winterset (1935)

SHERWOOD ANDERSON
Death in the Woods (1933)

ROBERT BENCHLEY
The Treasurer's Report (1930)
From Bed to Worse (1934)
My Ten Years in a Quandary and How they Grew (1936)
After 1903—What? (1938)

ARNA BONTEMPS
Drums at Dusk (1939)

CLARE BOOTHE
The Women (1936)

PEARL BUCK
East Wind, West Wind (1930)
The Good Earth (1931)

WILLA CATHER
"Neighbour Rosicky" (1930)
Shadows on the Rock (1931)

RAYMOND CHANDLER
The Big Sleep (1939)

HART CRANE
"Atlantic" (1930)
The Bridge (1930)
"Indiana" (1930)

COUNTEE CULLEN
The Medea and Some Poems (1935)

E.E. CUMMINGS
"[i sing of Olaf glad and big]" (1931)
"[somewhere I have never traveled gladly beyond]" (1932)
Collected Poems (1938)

CLARENCE DAY
Life With Father (1935)

JOHN DOS PASSOS
The 42nd Parallel (1930)
1919 (1932)
"Camera Eye (50)," "Newsreel XLIII," and "Vag" from The Big Money (1936)
"Preface" from U.S.A. (1938)
Journeys Between Wars (1938)

T. S. ELIOT
Murder in the Cathedral (1935)
The Family Reunion (1939)
Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats (1939)

JAMES T. FARRELL
Young Lonigan: A Boyhood in Chicago Streets (1932)
The Young Manhood of Studs Lonigan (1934)
Calico Shoes and Other Stories (1934)
Judgement Day (1935)
Guillotine Party and Other Stories (1935)

WILLIAM FAULKNER
As I Lay Dying (1930)
"That Evening Sun" (1931)
"A Rose for Emily" (1931)
Sanctuary (1931)
These 13 (1931)
Light in August (1932)
Dr. Martino and Other Stories (1934)
Absalom, Absalom! (1936)

EDNA FERBER
Cimarron (1930)

F. SCOTT FITZGERALD
"Crazy Sunday" (1932)
"The Last of the Belles" (1934)
Tender is the Night (1934)
"Babylon Revisited" (1935)
"Afternoon of an Author" (1936)

ROBERT FROST
Collected Poems (1930)
"Desert Places" (1934)
A Further Range (1936)
"The Silken Tent" (1939)
Collected Poems (1939)

DASHIELL HAMMETT
The Maltese Falcon (1930)

LILLIAN HELLMAN
The Children's Hour (1934)
The Little Foxes (1939)

ERNEST HEMINGWAY
"In Another Country" (1927)
Death in the Afternoon (1932)
"A Paris Letter" (1934)
Green Hills of Africa (1935)
"Homage to Switzerland" (1935)
"The Snows of Kilimanjaro" (1936)
To Have and Have Not (1937)
"Big Two-Hearted River" (1938)

LANGSTON HUGHES
Not Without Laughter (1930)
"I, Too" (1932)
Scottsboro Limited (1932)
"Cora Unashamed" (1933)
"Slave on the Block" (1933)
"The Blues I'm Playing" (1934)
"Father and Son" (1934)
"Home" (1934)
The Ways of White Folks (1934)
"On the Road" (1935)

ZORA NEALE HURSTON
"Hoodoo in America" (1931)
"The Gilded Six-Bits" (1933)
"The Fire and the Cloud" (1934)
Their Eyes were Watching God (1937)

JAMES WELDON JOHNSON
Selected Poems (1935)

GEORGE S. KAUFMAN
Dinner at Eight (1932)
Stage Door [with Edna Ferber] (1936)
You Can't Take it With You [with Moss Hart] (1936)
The American Way [with Moss Hart] (1939)
The Man Who Came to Dinner [with Moss Hart] (1939)

SINCLAIR LEWIS
It Can't Happen Here (1935)

ARCHIBALD MACLEISH
America Was Promises (1939)

H. L. MENCKEN
A Treatise on the Gods (1930)
Making a President (1932)
Treatise on Right and Wrong (1934)

MARGARET MITCHELL
Gone With the Wind (1936)

OGDEN NASH
Free Wheeling (1931)
Hard Lines (1931)
Happy Days (1933)
I'm a Stranger Here Myself (1938)

EUGENE O'NEILL
Morning Becomes Electra (1931)
Ah, Wilderness! (1933)

CLIFFORD ODETS
Awake and Sing! (1935)
Waiting for Lefty (1935)
Golden Boy (1937)

DOROTHY PARKER
Death and Taxes (1931)
Here Lies: Collected Stories (1939)d

KATHERINE ANNE PORTER
Flowering Judas and Other Stories (1930)
Pale Horse, Pale Rider: Three Short Novels (1939)
"The Grave" (1941)

ELMER RICE
We, The People (1933)

LEONARD Q. ROSS
The Education of H*Y*M*A*N K*A*P*L*A*N (1937)

DAMON RUNYON
Guys and Dolls (1932)

CARL SANDBURG
Potato Face (1930)
The People, Yes (1936)

DELMORE SCHWARTZ
In Dreams Begin Responsibilites (1938)

GERTRUDE STEIN
The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1933)
Matisse Picasso and Gertrude Stein with Two Shorter Stories (1933)

JOHN STEINBECK
Tortilla Flat (1935)
"The Chrysanthemums" (1938)
"Flight" (1938)
The Grapes of Wrath (1939)

JAMES THURBER
The Owl in the Attic and Other Perplexities (1931)
My Life and Hard Times (1933)
The Middle-Aged Man on the Flying Trapeze (1935)

EUDORA WELTY
"Death of a Traveling Salesman" (1936)
"Petrified Man" (1941)

NATHANIEL WEST
The Dream Life of Balso Snell (1931)
Miss Lonelyhearts (1933)
A Cool Million (1934)
The Day of the Locust (1939)

THORNTON WILDER
Our Town (1938)

WILLIAM CARLOS WILLIAMS
The Knife of the Times (1932)
"Jean Beicke" (1933)
"The Use of Force" (1933)
"Between Walls" (1934)
"These" (1938)

THOMAS WOLFE
From Death to Morning (1935)
Of Time and the River (1935)
"Only the Dead Know Brooklyn" (1935)

RICHARD WRIGHT
Uncle Tom's Children (1938)

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